Aust Pattern Corner Tile

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Dublin Core

Title

Aust Pattern Corner Tile

Subject

South, Stanley A.
Archaeology.
Wachovia (N.C.)--History.
Artifacts.
Pottery
Moravians.
Aust, Gottfried, 1722-1788.

Description

Redware stove tile of the pattern produced by Gottfried Aust. Stove tiles were manufactured in Bethabara as early as November, 1756, when ceramic stoves were installed in the Gemeinhaus and Single Brothers House. Ceramic Stoves were placed in most of the structures in Bethabara, including the refugee cabins built in the Mill Fort.

The tile’s face is decorated with a raised geometric design and an acorn in each corner. Like all of the other Aust pattern stove tiles recovered in Bethabara, this one is unglazed redware. The large side is broken in half. The break likely occurred when the stove was dismantled.

The corner tile was made by pressing two pieces of clay into two molds. One mold was square, the other rectangular. The wet tiles were then removed from the molds and laid face-up on coarse cloth, such as osnaburg linen, to dry. The textile patterns are easily seen on the inside of the tile, as is soot from use. Once dry, the two tiles were joined together with red slip at a 90 degree angle, producing a corner. A wall was then built on the interior with coils of clay. Holes for vertical alignment pins are visible on the horizontal interior corners. One hole has the remains of a ceramic pin in it.

This and the associated tile, 2018.2.7, were recovered from feature B60, a pit adjacent to the north eastern fort bastion.

Dimensions: Broken side: 8” tall, 4.25” wide, unbroken is would measure 7.25” wide. Intact side: 8” tall, 3.75” wide.

Creator

Aust, Gottfried, 1722-1788.

Date

November 1756-1771

Type

Physical Object

Format

JPEG

Identifier

2018.2.8

Source

OC2-Historic Bethabara Park Archaeology Collection Exhibit

Relation

Historic Bethabara Park Archaeology Collection
Stanley South Manuscript Collection Box – Folder 3-37

Rights

Rights held by Historic Bethabara Park, Inc. Use and reproduction restrictions apply. Contact Historic Bethabara Park Archives.

Contributor

Photography: Daniel Ferguson

Rights Holder

Historic Bethabara Park, Inc.

Citation

Aust, Gottfried, 1722-1788., “Aust Pattern Corner Tile,” Historic Bethabara Park Collections, accessed April 17, 2021, https://historicbethabarapark.omeka.net/items/show/32.