Tortoise Shell Beaker

Bethabra-01873.jpg

Dublin Core

Title

Tortoise Shell Beaker

Subject

South, Stanley A.
Archaeology.
Wachovia (N.C.)--History.
Artifacts.
Pottery.
Moravians.
Christ, Rudolph, 1750-1833.

Description

This reconstructed, delicate redware beaker is decorated in a tortoise shell glaze. The red clay body was coated in white slip and fired. After firing, a mix of copper oxide, manganese, and clear glaze was applied to produce the polychromatic tortoise shell finish. The body of the beaker has two incised lines just below the rim on the exterior.

When producing the profile sketch of this object, archaeologist George Demi noted, “Vessel overfired, colors & hardness of ware similar to plate which matches ‘R.C. Rud Christ’ Mold.” Evidence of being overfired is seen in the burned interior, and grey to red discoloration to most of the exterior base color, which should be cream.

In 1773, William Ellis arrived in Salem and offered to teach Gottfried Aust how to make English Staffordshire-style earthenware in exchange for clothing and lodging. Ellis had been the superintendent of John Bartlam’s China Manufactory and Pottery in Charleston, SC. While Aust chose to continue producing the more traditional wares, his apprentice Rudolph Christ began producing finer wares influenced by the English Staffordshire-style.

This beaker was recovered from feature B55, Christ’s Waster Dump #2. It was discarded due to over firing. Christ operated his pottery shop in Bethabara from 1786-1789.

The foot of the beaker is marked B55-C15-1-28 in black ink.

Dimensions: 2.5” dia rim, 1.375” dia base, 2” tall

Creator

Christ, Rudolph, 1750-1833

Date

1786-1789

Type

Physical Object

Format

JPEG

Identifier

2018.2.33

Source

OC2-Historic Bethabara Archaeology Collection Exhibit.

Relation

Historic Bethabara Park Archaeology Collection
Stanley South Manuscript Collection Box – Folder 4-68
Stanley South Manuscript Collection Box – Folder 4-10
Stanley South Manuscript Collection Box – Folder 8-6

Rights

Rights held by Historic Bethabara Park, Inc. Use and reproduction restrictions apply. Contact Historic Bethabara Park Archives.

Contributor

Photographer: Daniel Ferguson

Rights Holder

Historic Bethabara Park, Inc.

Citation

Christ, Rudolph, 1750-1833, “Tortoise Shell Beaker,” Historic Bethabara Park Collections, accessed April 17, 2021, https://historicbethabarapark.omeka.net/items/show/55.